Adoption Essay, Example Composition Writing on Adoption
Essay 1: Pros and Cons of Adoption
Before a couple decides to adopt a child, they should first determine whether the adoption is to be done internationally or domestically. It is not possible to determine which form of adoption is better or which is faster because each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. It also depends a lot on what is more suitable for the adoptive families. While some may prefer domestic adoption as it is generally less costly, others may prefer to adopt internationally for other reasons.
It is important to note that domestic adoption is generally more affordable than international adoption because you cut down on travel cost and additional paperwork that need to be prepared. Sometimes, the adoptive parents are also required to 'donate' an additional sum of money to the orphanage where the child is from. As compared to international adoption, it is less time and money spent on the adoption process if it is carried out domestically because it is usually the case studies officers and representatives from the adoption agency who will be carrying them out.
One other advantage of adopting domestically is the higher chance of parents getting a newborn baby or a younger infant. Should the adoption be done internationally, it will usually take quite some time before the infant is united with his or her adopting family due to the paperwork that must be done and by that time, the child will already be a few months old. Some parents prefer to adopt infants, especially very young ones, because it will be easier to bond with the child from young. An exception of a long waiting time would be if the countries are very near to each other. It is possible for parents to adopt newborn babies from a neighbouring country though.
Requirements for domestic adoption in some countries are quite strict and qualifications for adopting families are also high. This is one of the cons of domestic adoption that somehow lead adopting families to adopt internationally. However, it depends on the country involved because the criteria for some international adoption can also be set very high for foreign adoptive parents.
Another important disadvantage of domestic adoption is the possibility that the biological mother may change her mind or refuse to give up her child for adoption at the last minute. This may cause the adoption process to delay or even be terminated if the biological mother changes her final decision. This happens more often during the final stage of the adoption process where the adopting family is expecting a child but is disappointed when the adoption process is unable to pull through.
It is also possible that there are fewer children available for domestic adoption especially if an adopting family prefers to adopt a child from a minority group. This is one of the major advantages of international adoption, where there are many children of different races available.
There's another way to adopt domestically and that is through closed or confidential adoption. No contact is allowed between the adopting and the biological families in this kind of adoption. This may be a more suitable choice especially for adoptive parents who do not wish for their adopted child to look up his or her biological parents. There is less likelihood of the adopted child's identity being disclosed or even if it is disclosed, the chances of locating the biological families are slimmer.
Although there are many pros and cons of adoption whether it is done domestically or internationally, if adoptive parents have an open mind and heart they will be able to overcome any problem and will succeed in finding their child one day. When that happens, they will know that all the problems they have gone through are definitely worthwhile.
Essay 2: Future of Adoption
The world of adoption is changing quickly. There continue to be abandoned children in numerous countries, and, infertility seems to be increasing. Will parents and children continue to find each other as they have in the past? For many reasons, the face of adoption in Canada is changing and doors are closing for adoptive parents. What role can Sunrise play in shaping the future of adoption in Canada?
What are the factors that are closing doors for adopting parents?
Increased Support for Birth Mothers
In Canada, the number of newborn babies placed in local adoptions has decreased dramatically, falling to five percent of the former totals over the past thirty years. The reasons for this include increased financial support for young mothers, greater acceptability of single parenthood, and peer pressure on teenage moms to keep their babies. Many other countries are experiencing similar changes in social programs and societal norms. As a result, fewer babies are available for adoption in other countries.
Increased Worldwide Demand
Increasingly parents throughout the world are considering adoption. This increased demand is causing some countries to close their doors to international adoption. Countries have longer and longer waiting lists. While the adoption doors may remain open, it will only be for a few because of the small number of children available. With very few exceptions, gone are the days of "adoption programs" with specific countries. We seem to be heading towards adoption gridlock where the number of parents wanting to adopt exceeds the children eligible to be adopted.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Hague Convention on International Adoption are changing the landscape of inter-country adoptions. The complex procedures of these international agreements are intended to provide protection for the child, birth parents and adopting parents from corrupt practices. The combined result of these international treaties is that the placing country must first try to find a home for the child in their own country. The first option for the child is to be re-integrated with family, or placed with extended family. Local adoption is the next option. Out-of-country adoption is to be considered a last resort. In almost every country that has implemented the Hague Convention, the result has been a reduction or elimination of inter-country adoption.
Closures by the Government
The Directors of Adoption for the provincial governments are in frequent communication with counterparts in other provinces and with the federal authorities. As a result of these discussions, the provinces have stopped allowing adoptions from countries where ethical problems have arisen in adoptions.
Closures by Agencies
In order to protect adopting parents and to attempt to provide them with a safe and predictable experience, some licensed agencies have closed programs from certain countries. This is a result of concerns about ethical practices in some cases, and in others it is due to worries about the health of children.
What is the Future of Adoption in Canada?
The inescapable conclusion is that if parents want to adopt, their horizons may have to broaden. Waiting periods will lengthen, the children adopted will be older, and the children may have special needs and challenges. As a result, some prospective adopting parents will look into adoption, see the options and decide not to pursue it (as sometimes happens already). Others will adopt locally, or from small, but overwhelmed programs. Many parents, however, may have to go through doors that haven't been frequently used up to now.
Adoption is already a hard road for many people, and it takes courage to be an adopting parent. There will be a greater need for both pre-adoption and post-adoption support for Canadian adopting parents. The governments of most provinces have made it clear that they will only provide that support for parents adopting Canada's waiting children in foster care. The licensed adoption agencies, the Adoptive Families Association and the Society of Special Needs Adoptive Parents will need to do more work in the next decade to provide this support.
Every day 35,000 children under the age of five die of health-related reasons. In the face of this awful statistic, why is the world increasingly shutting down adoption? (See What About the World's Orphans? .)
Over the past 10 years, Sunrise has visited orphanages throughout the world. The children we meet in the orphanages are desperate to have a family of their own. We are looking for parents to adopt these children. While opportunities for children of many countries to find families are currently decreasing, they are not completely gone. There are two rays of hope left. Firstly, we can try to help countries support their children to be adopted in their own country, or even stay in their original families. When that is not possible, we can help to provide a loving and safe home for one of the world's homeless children.
This is the future of adoption. We need families who want to step up to the plate and help us to accomplish both of these goals. It is a huge task, but together we can make a real difference in the lives of children and families. We can also create a true win/win solution. Children can have a safe and loving place to grow up in a family, and parents can experience the joy of family life by adoption.
Essay 3: More Pros and Cons about Adoption
When you make a decision to adopt, you have the option whether the adoption will be confidential, open, or semi-open.
Confidential or closed adoption (sometimes called secret adoption) means neither the adoptive families nor the birth parents recognize each other. This does not indicate that they know nothing about each other. It is just that they do not have information that can identify each other. When an older child already knows his or her birth parents, his or her adoption cannot be made confidential.
Semi-open adoption is a type of adoption that is a combination of traditional closed adoption and open adoption. Direct contact after the child has been placed with the adoptive family, is still possible through letters and pictures, however this is handled by a third party, such as the adoption agency.
Open adoption means that the adoptive families and the birth parents both know each other's full names. They speak prior to or even after the adoption. They may agree to visit each other once in a while and/or exchange photos and letters directly, without using a third party.
Many adoptive parents do not realize that they have more options. They can opt for semi-open or open adoption rather than the traditional closed adoption. Adoptive families usually prefer closed adoption at first but once they meet the birth parents and bonded with them, they would later opt to open adoption for the reason that it is more beneficial for them.
The meaning of open adoption is different from between agencies and from one lawyer to another. It is important that the adoptive families ask questions related to this matter. The pros and cons of open adoption is been a continuously debate among social workers and lawyers. Some believe that open adoption is a better choice for everyone involved while others are convinced that it is catastrophic.
Pros and Cons of Open Adoption
Your child will never have to look for his or her birth parents.
The adopted child can easily set up a relationship with birth parents.
You may feel more at rest about the adoption knowing exactly who the birth parents is.
The adopted child will have no difficulty in accessing his or her medical records.
The adopted child will have access to background on his or her roots.
Your child may never wish to search for his or her birth parents.
The birth parents may want to get in touch more or less than the adopted child wants.
An unstable birth parent could cause problems.
You may see yourself as not a "real mother."
The birth mother and adoptive parents might have a conflict in terms of child rearing. The birth mother may expect too much from the adoptive parents. On the other hand, adoptive parents may want the birth mother to be less involved in their child's life.
Adoptive families should bear in mind that whatever decision you make, make sure you are comfortable with any responsibility you need to do in the future.